Oncology

Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors (cancer) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.

The oncologist often coordinates the multidisciplinary care of cancer patients, which may involve physiotherapy, counselling, clinical genetics, to name but a few. On the other hand, the oncologist often has to liaise with pathologists on the exact biological nature of the tumor that is being treated.

Oncology is concerned with:

  • The diagnosis of cancer
  • Therapy (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other modalities)
  • Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment
  • Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies
  • Ethical questions surrounding cancer care
  • Screening efforts of: populations, or of the relatives of patients (in types of cancer that are thought to have a hereditary basis, such as breast cancer).


See Wikipedia, Oncology.



Sanchez
, Myrna 
MD

 

 


Whitman
, Todd 
MD
advanced medicine. Compassionate care.
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