Managing Your Diabetes
Alice Hyde Medical Center offers a 5-week "Managing Your Diabetes" course. This course, recognized by the American Diabetes Association as meeting the National standards for Diabetes Self-Management, is offered several times per year, and is Insurance/Medicare billable. Please call 518-481-2450 for more information or to register for the next available course. A medical provider referral is required.
Diabetes mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a syndrome characterized by disordered metabolism and abnormally high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) resulting from insufficient levels of the hormone insulin, with or without additional resistance to insulin's effects in many body cells.
The characteristic symptoms are excessive urine production (polyuria) due to high blood glucose levels, excessive thirst and increased fluid intake (polydipsia) attempting to compensate for increased urination, blurred vision due to high blood glucose effects on the eye's optics, unexplained weight loss, and lethargy. These symptoms are likely to be less apparent if the blood sugar is only mildly elevated.
The World Health Organization recognizes three main forms of diabetes mellitus: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (occurring during pregnancy), which have different causes and population distributions. While, ultimately, all forms are due to the beta cells of the pancreas being unable to produce sufficient insulin to prevent hyperglycemia, the causes are different.
- Type 1 diabetes is usually due to autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta cells.
- Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance in target tissues. This causes a need for abnormally high amounts of insulin and diabetes develops when the beta cells cannot meet this demand.
- Gestational diabetes is similar to type 2 diabetes in that it involves insulin resistance; the hormones of pregnancy can cause insulin resistance in women genetically predisposed to developing this condition.
See Wikipedia, Diabetes mellitus.
For more useful information on Diabetes please visit The American Diabetes Association website